Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023: Effect on Child Nutrition Programs
March 3, 2023
This memorandum provides notice to Child Nutrition Program (CNP) operators regarding Sections 740, 751, 752, and 777 of Division A and Sections 502 and 503 of Division HH of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 (PL 117-328) (the Appropriations Act), enacted on Dec. 29, 2022.
This memorandum applies to state agencies administering, and local organizations operating, the federal CNPs discussed below.
Why It Matters
Summer EBT will provide EBT benefits on an ongoing basis to low-income children during the summer months to ensure continued access to meals and snacks when school is not in session. For 2024, benefits are an amount equal to $40 per month per eligible child during the summer operational period.
Prohibition on the Use of Chicken from China
In Section 751, of Division A of the Appropriations Act, Congress provides that funds made available by the Appropriations Act cannot be used to procure raw or processed poultry products imported into the United States from the People’s Republic of China for use in any CNP. Consistent with the terms of the Appropriations Act, this memorandum provides notice to CNP operators that program funds may not be used to procure raw or processed poultry products from the People’s Republic of China. This legislation extends the existing prohibition through Sept. 30, 2023.
Renaming of the Farm to School Program
Under Section 777, of Division A of the Appropriations Act, Congress changes the name of the USDA Farm to School Program, authorized in Section 18(g) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, 42 USC 1769(g), to the “Patrick Leahy Farm to School Program”. This change is effective immediately and requires no action by CNP operators.
Establishment of a Noncongregate Meal Service Option in the SFSP
Under Section 502, of Division HH of the Appropriations Act, Congress amends Section 13 of the NSLA, 42 USC 1761 to establish a noncongregate meal service option in the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) for rural areas. This option will be available beginning in summer 2023. FNS will issue guidance with implementation models that states may use in summer 2023. Interim final regulations implementing this option must be issued by Dec. 29, 2023.
Establishment of a Permanent Summer EBT Program
Under Section 502, of Division HH of the Appropriations Act, Congress establishes a permanent Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children Program (Summer EBT) beginning in summer 2024. Summer EBT will provide EBT benefits on an ongoing basis to low-income children during the summer months to ensure continued access to meals and snacks when school is not in session.
State agencies may operate Summer EBT, including territories that operate the Nutrition Assistance Program (NAP). Additionally, Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs) that operate WIC programs may also operate Summer EBT. Benefits issued by an ITO may only be used to purchase supplemental foods from vendors that have been approved for participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). States that participate in the Summer EBT Program must automatically enroll, without further application from households, each child who is directly certified, able to be directly certified, is an identified student at a provision school, or is otherwise determined by an SFA school food authority to be eligible to receive free or reduced -price meals in the instructional year immediately preceding the summer or during the Summer EBT operational period. Additionally, states must make an application available for children who do not meet the criteria above and make eligibility determinations using the eligibility criteria for free or reduced price lunches under the NSLA.
For 2024, benefits are an amount equal to $40 per month per eligible child during the summer operational period, or proportionately higher consistent with adjustments authorized in the NSLA for Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; beginning in 2025, the benefits will be adjusted to reflect changes in the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP). Summer EBT benefits may only be issued for the summer months, except in the case of children who attend school on a continuous calendar. The Appropriations Act directs USDA to publish interim final regulations by Dec. 29, 2023.
Changes to Pandemic EBT
Under Section 502, of Division HH of the Appropriations Act, states no longer have to provide Pandemic EBT (P-EBT) benefits during the school year in order to submit a P-EBT plan for the covered summer period. Prior to this change, USDA could not approve a state’s P-EBT summer plan unless the state had an approved school year plan in place for children in schools or children in childcare. Although USDA encourages states to submit P-EBT plans for the school year, states may now submit a plan for the summer alone. Additionally, Summer P-EBT eligibility is now limited to children who attended NSLP-participating schools at the end of the school year immediately preceding the summer.
Section 503 of Division HH specifies that the P-EBT summer benefit for 2023 shall not exceed $120 per eligible child, with benefit levels adjusted for Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
FNS appreciates the exceptional effort of state agencies and local program operators working to meet the nutritional needs of children. State agencies are reminded to distribute this memorandum to program operators immediately. Program operators should direct any questions concerning this guidance to their state agency. State agencies with questions should contact the appropriate FNS regional office.
Read the full guidance: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023: Effect on Child Nutrition Programs (SFSP 02-2023, CACFP 05-2023).